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Glaucoma Surgery in Gurgaon

Glaucoma Treatment

October 25, 2021

Glaucoma is a disease in which our optic nerve that carries visual sensation from Eye (Retina) to the brain is damaged in a typical pattern.

Our eye makes nutritive fluid for good health of eye structures called aqueous humor. Usually the amount of fluid formed & drained out, are in a balance, and maintain equilibrium. When there is excessive fluid in eye, it increases the pressure inside the eye and gradually starts damaging our optic nerve, in a manner typical of Glaucoma. Our optic nerve is made up of more than a million small nerve fibers. It is like an electrical cable made up of small wires. As its nerve fibers start dying blind spots develop in your vision. These are not easily noticed by patient unless most of the nerve fibers have died out, which is why Glaucoma is also called the silent thief of vision.

Glaucoma Surgery in Gurgaon

Glaucoma usually presents in 2 ways:

Open Angle: This type of glaucoma is usually asymptomatic and patient does not know about it. When patients know about vision loss, usually the disease is already in a very advanced stage. Here the outflow drainage facility is open but not efficient for draining out excess in aqueous from eye. So, the eye pressure (IOP) might increase resulting in gradual damage to our optic nerve.

Narrow Angle: Here outflow angles are very shallow, as a result of which, IOP increases & if not lowered with medication over course of time, might start damaging our optic nerve. Patient usually presents with symptoms like headache specially in dark, colored halos around light at night or as an acute attack of glaucoma wherein sudden decrease of vision is accompanied by severe headache, nausea, vomiting and redness.

Who are at higher-than-normal risk of developing Glaucoma?

  • Age over 40
  • Family history of Glaucoma
  • High eye pressure (IOP)
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Long term steroid therapy for other body ailments.

Diagnosis Glaucoma

Simple eye examination may not always revel that you have Glaucoma. Patients at high risk as stated above should undergo thorough Glaucoma evaluation regularly with their doctor such as:

  • IOP measurement
  • Angle of eye assessment (Gonioscopy)
  • Peripheral Field Evaluation (HFA)
  • Measurement of thickness of structures damaged in Glaucoma (OCT)
  • Dilated Fundus examination (Fundus Photo)

Is there a Treatment for Glaucoma?

Whatever damage already done to our nerve in Glaucoma cannot be retrieved back, we can only stop / delay the progression of Glaucoma depending on stage and type of Glaucoma, with medication and sometimes surgery. Your doctor can guide you better after examining you thoroughly.

Dr. Sanjeev Bisla - Eye Specialist in Gurgaon

Dr. Sanjeev Bisla

MBBS, MS (Eye) Phaco & Glaucoma fellow from Aravind Eye Hospital Madurai


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